Guava Plant


April 18, 2017 at 11:28 am | Horticulture Plant | No comment

Guava (Psidium guajava ) belongs to the family Myrtaceae. Guava is known as the apple of the tropics. It is one of the most common fruits in India. It is grown all over the tropics and subtropics. In India it is grown in 0.148 M ha area with a total production of 1.631 M mt and average productivity of 11 mt/ha. Guava is a rich source of ascorbic acid and protein. The ascorbic acid content of guava varies from 75 to 260 mg/100g depending on cultivar, season, location and stage of maturity. The fruits harvested during winter season are superior in quality in comparison to rainy season fruits. It contains considerable amount of Ca, P and Fe. However, 80 per cent of the iron remains in seed and is not utilizable. Guava fruits are good source of pectin, which ranges from 0.5 to 1.8 per cent.

Description


Soil

It can grow well in slightly alkaline and poor soils. For good growth of trees well drained sandy loams to clay loams with 6.5 to 8.5 pH are best suited.

Climate

It can tolerate mild frost in winter and drought in summer. It requires dry climate condition at the time of flowering.

Season of planting

Can be Plant in any season

Scientific Name

Psidium guajava

Plant age Limit

Up to 20- 25 years.

Density

15 x20 Feet

Variety

S 9 Pink

Weight

60 gm to 80 gm

Harvesting

After one year of cultivation it Start Flowering and fruit can be harvested throughout the year.