Sapota Plant


April 18, 2017 at 11:21 am | Horticulture Plant | No comment

Sapota, popularly known in India as chiku, is native to tropical America Most probably to south Mexico or Central America. This plant is also grown for its Latex. Chicle and gutta parcha are extracted from its latex. These are used as a base material in chewing gum and in some other industrial products. In India it is cultivated for fruits which are liked all over the country. The fruit is a fleshy berry, variable in shape, size and weight (75-150g). The skin is thin, rusty brown somewhat scurfy looking like Irish potato, and the pulp soft, melting, crumbling with a sandy or granular texture with 1-5 hard, black seeds. The fruit is a good source of digestible sugar (12-18%) and an appreciable source of protein, fat fiber ad minerals, Calcium and Iron. It has become a very popular fruit crop in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, and Kerala.

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Soil

Alluvial, sandy loam, red laterite and medium black soils with good drainage are ideal for cultivation of sapota.

Climate

It needs warm (10-380 C) and humid climate (70% relative humidity) for growth and can be cultivated throughout the year.

Season of planting

Before and after rainy Season should not plant during rainy season.

Scientific Name

Achras zapota

Variety

Kalipatti, Dhola Diwani, Cricket ball And Murabba

Weight

75 gm to 150 gm

Harvesting

Sapota starts bearing from third year of planting but economic yields can be obtained from 5th year onwards.

Plant age Limit

Up to 13- 15 years.